Urban health is an important part of urban sustainability. It is functions as a community and as an ecosystem; healthy population lives within the urban ecosystem. Health and environment are not conflicting, even they can be said complementary. So city government should consider them at the same time. Overweight and obesity are one kind of health problems in Chicago, which has negative influences on not only urban health but also urban sustainability.
“Over the past decade, the prevalence of overweight adults has increased by nearly 10% to 37.4%. From 2005-2009, adult obesity increased from 9% to 29.7%. This translates into 67% of Chicago adults being either overweight or obese.” Overweight and obesity have become a serious public health concern in Chicago, which cause a number of public health problems such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer and stroke.
Unhealthy eating habits and lifestyles are main reasons of being overweight and getting obesity. For individuals, to decrease screen time and do more exercise is good for losing weight and keeping fit. Eating nutritional and healthy food also can help reduce the probability of being fat. For communities and the government, related programs such as Chicago Public Schools and Healthy CPS Action Plan, are benefit for education and public awareness.
Transforming the health of our city, Healthy Chicago [online].
Chicago Unveils New Healthy CPS Action Plan (2013). City of Chicago [online].
Frumkin,Frank,Jackson. Physical Activity, Sprawl and Health