According to Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, Illinois State has Vehicle Emissions Testing program for improving air quality and public health, and the whole Cook County is eligible to take the test. Obviously, the regulation of vehicle emissions testing is aim to reduce the emissions by cars. As our city grows, people are tending to rely on their cars to everywhere. With the number of cars increases, the traffic problem is become more and more serious. Comparing to normal period, CO, HC and NOx emissions and fuel consumption rates of passenger cars during rush hour increased 10%, 10%, 20% and 10% (Zhang, Stuart and Francois, 2011). There is no doubt that if we don’t control the emissions of vehicle, the percentage of increasing would be larger.
The state of Illinois has been acting on providing residents in Chicago clean air since 1970 with the Clean Air Act, and been initiating vehicle emissions tests in 1985 (Mendelsohn, 2005). According to the paper by Environmental Defense Fund Organization, “Our nation has a long time tested history of making continuous progress in reducing dangerous pollution – driving the increasingly rapid deployment of cost-effective pollution free energy solutions.” Hence, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed a Clean Power Plan which is “based on proven technologies and strategies for reducing carbon pollution that have been successfully deployed by power companies for decades (EDF, 2016).” The Clean Power Plan means that EPA is not only trying to reduce the air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, but also focus on high-tech that could provide clean power that could be used in many fields. The vehicle emissions testing is the way that could reject the high emissions in our city, but the Clean Power Plan is based on the sustainable way to deal with this problem, it’s not a short-term policy, but could make profound impact on vehicle emissions.
Zhang, Kai, Stuart Batterman, and François Dion. “Vehicle Emissions in Congestion: Comparison of Work Zone, Rush Hour and Free-flow Conditions.” Atmospheric Environment 45.11 (2011): 1929-939. 14 Jan. 2011. Web. 1 Apr. 2016.
“Protecting Health, Sustaining the Environment.” Oxford Handbook of Public Health Practice (2016): 218-31. Web. 1 Apr. 2016.
Mendelsohn, Betsy. “Environmental Regulation.” Environmental Regulation. ENCYCLOPEDIA of CHICAGO, 2005. Web. 01 Apr. 2016.