Green Sense Farm in Chicago.” LED Lights Power Up a Big Idea in Hydroponic Farming,” Retrieved from http://www.greenbusinessnetwork.org/led-lights-power-up-a-big-idea-in-hydroponic-farming/
According to the United Nations the world population will spread 9.6 billion people by 2050, in which eighty-six percentage would be living in cities. Therefore, cities would be more congested and thus more people would need to feed. Also, it means that more food would be wasted (Chow, 2015). A type of food wasted described by The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology (SIK) is “[p]ost-harvest handling and storage: including losses due to spillage and degradation during handling, storage and transportation between farm and distribution,” (The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology).
However, today more people are taking the step to solve the problem of food wasted by vertical farming. It allows cities to become more sustainable and reliable in producing food locally. In Chicago Green Sense Farms, commercial grower, produce fresh vegetables and herbs with LED grow lights. It is the bigger indoor commercial vertical farm that could produce fresh food all year-long.
Green Sense Farms addresses the big issue of unsustainable farming “[b]y combining towering racks of vertical hydroponic systems with Philips new “light recipe” LED grow lights, GSF is able to harvest its crops 26 times a year while using 85 percent less energy, 1/10th the amount of water, no pesticides or herbicides, and reducing the facility’s CO2 output by two tons a month. It even produces an average of 46 pounds of oxygen every day,” (Tarantola, 2014). In addition, Jackson, Wyoming is using the same method of vertical farms to grow their food locally by creating green hubs that allow to produce fresh produce year long.
Vertical farming is sustainable because it used less water, creates less waste and takes less space and most importantly it can be done in places where traditional agriculture would have been impossible. “We produce little waste, no agricultural runoff and minimal greenhouse gasses because the food is grown where it is consumed,” (Tarantola, 2014). Furthermore, vertical farming would give cities greater access to fresh food and less food wasted due to the decrease in the long-distance distribution. One of the annual goal for a sustainable city is “[t]he achievement of reduced resources and wastes whilst improving livability” (Newman, 1999) would be possible by this new evolution in vertical farming providing urban cities with a sustainable access to fresh food as well as food security in the future.
Chow, Lorraine (2015). “5 Ways Vertical Farms Are Changing the Way We Grow Food,” Ecowatch.com, Retrieved from http://ecowatch.com/2015/03/10/vertical-farms-grow-food/
Newman, Peter (1999). “Sustainability and cities: extending the metabolism model,” Retrieved from https://us130urbansustainability.files.wordpress.com/2016/01/newman-sus-cities-metabolism-model-1999.pdf
The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology, Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/docrep/014/mb060e/mb060e01.pdf
Tarantola, Andrew (2014). “Chicago’s Huge Vertical Farm Glows Under Countless LED Suns,” Gizmodo.com Retrieved from http://gizmodo.com/chicagos-huge-vertical-farm-farm-glows-under-countless-1575275486