Curitiba is a Brazilian city and considered to be one of the world’s best examples of urban planning. Curitiba is the first city opening the bus rapid transit (BRT) system. A survey shows that the introduction of the BRT system reduces 27 million auto trips per year and saves about 27 million liters of fuel (Goodman). It invests a lot of time and money on the construction of public transportation for the sustainable development of the city. Sustainability has been defined as a global process of development that minimizes environmental sinks using processes that simultaneously improve the economy and the quality of life (Newman). Curitiba sets a path on the road only for BRT so that its speed could reach around 60km/h, a similar speed to subways. But it only costs 1/10 of the investment and 1/3 of the construction period compared with the subway. The introduction of BRT system not only reduces the air pollution from vehicles but also reduces the cost of public transportation constructions.
One of the most striking innovation of Curitiba’s special tube-shaped bus stops. There is a ticket counter at the entrance of this bus stop. Passengers need to buy the ticket at the entrance and wait for the bus at the exit. The waiting area is at the same height of the gate of the bus so that it is convenient for passengers to get on and off the bus, especially for the disabled. The design of this bus stop aims at encouraging citizens to take public transportations instead of driving their private vehicles. To save time means a faster bus for citizens, so they don’t need to complain the slow speed of the public transportation. With less private vehicles on the road, the air pollution could be reduced. Curitiba is dedicated to developing its public constructions to reduce the pollution from private vehicles and the traffic pressure.
Goodman, Joseph. “Urban transport of Curitiba.” Urbanhabitat.org. 2011.
Newman, Peter W.G. “Sustainability and cities: extending the metabolism model.” 1999. < https://us130urbansustainability.files.wordpress.com/2016/01/newman-sus-cities-metabolism-model-1999.pdf