We’ve already discussed the benefits of biomimicry and how Japan could design its bullet trains after birds. However, now it looks as though China will be next up in developing the fastest maglev train in the world that will reach up to 125 mph. Maglev = Magnetic Levitation, where the train can move without causing friction or even touching a track. There are infrastructure cost concerns which cause this project to be moving slowly, yet when this is finally finished, other developed countries will want to make the next move in investing in this quick, sustainable form of travel.
This addresses all aspects of sustainable development…
Environmentally: Running maglev trains consumes less energy. There is virtually no sound pollution that results from its operation. Imagine if this were adapted in places around the U.S., where this would be a better option than flying. The amount of fuel needed for just one flight is astronomical, so this would cut emissions enormously.
Economically: Well, in the long run, the efficiency of these trains can make up for some initial costs. This is the case for almost all sustainable energy technology that is slowly being adapted into modern usage. There will also be less costs for maintenance because there will be no need to repair the rough grinding or wear-and-tear of any wheels or the track.
Social equity: Providing access is encouraging equity. This could be a major benefit of public transportation in general, especially when attempting to extend the line in Shanghai. The more people that have mobility, the more they are able to participate in their city and take up opportunities.
Energy: As I stated before, this is very energy efficient. All it takes is a transition, much like the other processes that involve conversion to green energy.
Health: Again, overlapping with some of the environmental points, this is sensitive to ideals of public help because it does not yield poor air quality and would not cause sound pollution that is often a concern in congested, urban areas.
Risks need to be taken in order to redefine the next standard by which technology can operate. If China pushes this project and finishes it successfully, other countries will be pushing to adapt this sustainable technology.
General ideas https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maglev#cite_note-1