One of the largest global regulations regarding the environment has to be the Montreal Protocol. The Montreal Protocol was created by Ronald Reagan in the 80’s. The Montreal Protocol had one main goal in limiting the amount of chlorofluorocarbons released into the air in order to try to stop the depletion of the ozone layer. The global treaty was drafted after two scientists realized that the CFC’s found in refrigerators, air conditioning systems and other small items like hairspray were being released into the atmosphere leading to thinning of the ozone layer. The treaty was rejected by many until British scientists confirmed that there was an actual hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica, which caused many to demand action for this. Ronald Reagan, who at the time was going through a serious skin condition, took action as he took this hole in the ozone layer as a risk to public health. Thus, the treaty was drafted and put into effect in 1989. It has been credited with phasing out the use of at least 100 different harmful gases.
Experts say that without the Montreal Protocol, the environment would have been in much worse state than it is today. The treaty was successful in the removal of dangerous gases while still being largely friendly to business. However, that does not mean that it does not have its drawbacks. While the Montreal Protocol eliminated the use of CFCs, the treaty saw a new gas come into play, hydrofluorocarbons. Hydrofluorocarbons do not deplete the ozone layer like CFCs did, however they can contribute to the issue of global warming. For this reason, there is still work to be done toward the treaty. The Kyoto Protocol was drafted in the late 1990’s in order to reduce greenhouse gases and many are also considering adding an amendment to the Montreal Protocol in order to combat these gases as well. Currently work is being done in order to try to phase these hydrofluorocarbons out, which would be another massive step in slowing down climate change and global warming.