The high volume hydraulic fracturing technique “fracking” has triggered health concerns and harsh environmental impacts. The European Chemical Agency (ECHA) made changes in the existing database of registered chemicals to help to improve the search of information on registered substances used for the purposes of fracking. Chemicals known to be used in fracking have into water supplies.
Chemicals used in fracking: Benzene, Lead, Mercury, and Uranium
Most chemicals used in fracking are not detectable by the human eye, and oftentimes can not be detected by smell or tastes.
The commission wants to ensure that the risks of individual projects are controlled to have limited impacts on the environment in states that wish to exploit such resources. Member states are required to follow a set of minimum principles when applying their legislation to production using fracking.
The EU existing legislation covers issues such as: planning, underground risk assessments, well integrity, baseline reporting and operational monitoring, capture of methane emissions, and disclosure of chemicals used in each well. The commission has inserted review clause to assess the effectiveness of this approach. The network has collected information on unconventional oil and gas in the EU which will help technology emerge in order for well stimulation.