Wildlife Protection Act of India

India has implemented its own Wildlife Protection Act in 1972, which was passed in order to protect wildlife and their environments. This was a major step for the nation, as it ordered the protection of national parks and sanctuaries, protected some endangered plant species, and established punishments for offenders. However, the law was recently amended in 2002 to include the protection of fish and crustaceans, as well as to strengthen regulations that would make it  more difficult to alter the borders of protected areas. Although the Wildlife Protection Act was established to lower and stabilize wildlife crime, it has only been on a rise due to the rapid urbanization of India. Illegal hunting (particularly of tigers), deforestation, and mass fishing has continue to be an increasing issue in the nation of India and there is very little that can be done for the conservation of wildlife as long as the pattern of India’s uncontrolled rapid urbanization continues. The “Environmental Laws of India” website states that there is not much the government can do to regulate wildlife conservation without the help from individual citizens, but how is that possible when there are not enough resources placed into growing, impoverished communities?







5 thoughts on “Wildlife Protection Act of India

  1. I agree with you that Indian government must address the need to implement the Wildlife Protection Act. The consequences of not doing this could lead, for there to be a wildlife crisis, due to the rapid destruction of India’s wildlife. This is an interesting blog post, that made me wonder why this important issue has never been reported before.


  2. I think you made a great point about over fishing in India. Fish is heavily demanded in the global community and this caused us to over fish organisms like the tuna, swordfish, and marlin. Fishing also serves as a livelihood for several people in India so over fishing will definitely hurt them. It is estimated that at least 3.5 million people in 4,000 villages near the coastline of India fish to secure their wealth (Greenpeace India). More regulations to reduce over fishing will at least let the marine ecosystems slowly replenish their organisms’ populations. As you stated, impoverished communities do not have the means to acquire a different job. It is the government’s job to help these communities by offering them job training or other career choices.

    Greenpeace India: http://www.greenpeace.org/india/en/What-We-Do/Past-Campaigns/Defending-our-oceans/Overfishing/


  3. Interesting choice! This is something that probably wouldn’t have crossed my mind before. I agree with India’s establishment claiming that a policy should work best along with public support, but that is kind of a cop out for the failure of this policy. Policy implementation is key. Why should anyone feel enthusiasm over a policy if their government has a pessimistic viewpoint on it, anyways?


  4. I had no idea India had their own policy in place like this. I’m wondering what kinds of policies they might be adding/changing soon/recently due to climate change issues parts of the country could be facing?


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