Insecticide- (n.) a substance used for killing insects.
Fungicide- (n.) a chemical that destroys fungus
Rodenticide- (n.) a poison used to kill rodents
People get annoyed in the summer when there are bugs always trying to bite us and take our blood. We get all itchy and bathe ourselves in bug spray. Not only do we get annoyed when bugs come to us, but we also get annoyed when they decide to make holes into the fruits and vegetables we plant during the spring and summer. There’s nothing MY dad hates more than choosing a beautiful tomato, turning it around, and realizing that some insect has already had breakfast, lunch, and dinner in that one tomato. If my dad gets annoyed with one tomato, how do farmers feel when their job requires these tomatoes, or whatever crop they have, have become infested with insects? There immediate go-to product is probably a pesticide. If there are insects? insecticide. Fungus? fungicide. Rodent? Rodenticide. Farmers end up spraying their crops with whatever they need to get rid of pests. But, how does that affect us in the long run? There is a chance that WE eat some of that pesticide. “Pesticides are used to control various pests and disease carriers, such as mosquitoes, ticks, rats and mice. Pesticides are used in agriculture to control weeds, insect infestation and diseases.” (Why We Use Pesticides n.d) We’re all probably okay with that, but, have we thought of the consequences it could have? Some pesticides could actually penetrate the skin of fruits to protect the fruit on the inside. We probably have eaten some kind of pesticide. “Pesticides can contaminate soil, water, turf, and other vegetation. In addition to killing insects or weeds, pesticides can be toxic to a host of other organisms including birds, fish, beneficial insects, and non-target plants.” (Aktar, Sengupta and Chowdhury 2009)
The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) established in 1996 was made to protect human health and the environment. in 1910, the U.S. began to regulate pesticides, and over the years, it was been revised to better help the people and the earth. According to the EPA, “the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) provides for federal regulation of pesticide distribution, sale, and use. All pesticides distributed or sold in the United States must be registered (licensed) by EPA. Before EPA may register a pesticide under FIFRA, the applicant must show, among other things, that using the pesticide according to specifications ‘will not generally cause unreasonable adverse effects on the environment.'” (EPA n.d.) Pesticides are capable of hurting consumers and hurting our soil, FIFRA is controlling which pesticides are good enough to use to protect us.
Aktar, Wasim, Dwaipayan Sengupta, and Ashim Chowdhury. 2009. Impact of pesticides use in agriculture: their benefits and hazards. Mach. Accessed November 10, 2017. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2984095/.
n.d. EPA. Accessed November 10, 2017. https://www.epa.gov/laws-regulations/summary-federal-insecticide-fungicide-and-rodenticide-act.
n.d. Why We Use Pesticides. Accessed November 10, 2017. https://www.epa.gov/safepestcontrol/why-we-use-pesticides.